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University Facts why Lo'au University is the first in Moana
- Lo'au University was appointed by the Board of Founders of CUAM Foundation University at Benevento in Italy in January 2014 as one of the 72 partner universities to run its educational and scientific research programs.
- Lo'au University is in partnership with CUAM to run a health global project with a budget of $300 millions under the funding programs known as Horizon 2020 by the European Commission.
- Lo'au University is currently recruiting students, lecturers, researchers and staff from different parts of the world to studyng and working in its online educational programs, activities and operation.
- Lo'au University offers scholarships and financial assistance of approx $10 miilions per year to students from around the world to study for their Proficieny Level One (PLOne)/BA, PLTwo/MA and PLThree/PhD Degrees.
By Professor Peter Camilleri of Australian Catholic University and his student Langimama'o Professor Siosiua Lafitani Tofua'ipangai of Lo'au University (and previously of Australian Catholic University as well) - This article was first published on VOLUME 28 • NUMBER 1 • 2016 AOTEAROA NEW ZEALAND SOCIAL WORK.
The dominance of Western social work discourse is slowly being challenged as voices from indigenous cultures are expressed. This paper examines the Moanan-Tongan concept of fatongia and considers how it might contribute to a re-examination of the English language concept of obligation in order to develop a more socially progressive perspective on social policy and social work. In countries with a neoliberal welfare state the concept of obligation has become a vexed issue between citizenry and the state. The neoliberal requirement to demonstrate certain behaviours in order to gain access to benefits has challenged the consensus of social rights that imbued traditional notions of state welfare. We argue that rights and obligations have became separated as the Western welfare state discourse has shifted from a rights agenda to an agenda of obligation. Fatongia is about obligation that is entered into freely: it involves the giving of a gift that is enjoyed and reinforces mutual obligations. It is reciprocal and symmetrical and leads to stronger sense of community. By comparison, obligation in Western discourse is asymmetrical, coercive, compulsory and oppressive. For social work practice, the concept of fatongia offers a new direction in which rights are broadened into duties, and responsibilities into gifts. The duality of obligation and rights under fatongia implies a web of relationships between people, families and communities. This offers social work practitioners a constructive and progressive narrative for relationship-based work with clients/service users, and a celebration of rights through doing duty.
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Lo'auan online educational system nurtures and aspires the life of freedom among its students. Freedom is viewed here as a mental, moral and social phenomenon, whereby the 'spirit of inquiry' on any issue shapes and directs the mind freely and rationally without the influence and control of human emotion, likeness and public interests. This is the defined boundary which demarcates the 'love of knowledge for knowledge sake,' in the words of Socrates and his realists, on one hand, and 'love of human interest as the measure of all things', according to Protagoras and his pragmatists. Freedom is further based on the related concepts of autonomy and creativity beyond and above the un-educational and anti-educational demands of society. Autonomy in the sense of not being undermined by un-educational and anti-educational demands, which can consequently lead on to creativity in human minds - the production of new knowledge and ways of doing things.
They are demands such as the doctrines of relevance, superstition, commercialism, utilitarianism, consumerism and the like. Such doctrines show no mercy at all to the spirit of inquiry with its focus in finding out about the question of 'what is the case' rather than 'what ought to be done'. The former is the mark of a free life, whereas unfree life is the concern of the latter in the sense of its promotion of human emotion, likeness and public interests. Human emotion, likeness and public interests have their own importance and are parts of history and life overall, except they are opposed to the life of freedom in the sense explained above. Thus the Lo'auan online educational system is structured and formulated to nurture and aspire its students with the subsequent mental, moral and social behaviours of freedom:
Kuo toki ha'u e saienisi senetiki (genetic science) 'o e DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) pe fakatotolo ki he fa'o'anga mo e tanaki'anga fakamatala mo e hisitolia he toto mo e ta'ata'a 'o fufuu he ngaahi kolomosomu (chromosome) Y kia tangata mo X pe maitokonitolia (mitochondria) kia fafine, ka ne 'osi mahu'inga 'aupito pe 'eni ki he anga fakafonua 'a Tonga. Pea pehe mo e ngaahi sivilaise motu'a 'e ni'ihi 'i mamani. 'Oku talamai 'e he saianisi senetiki ka fiema'u ketau kumi ki ha ngaahi fakamatala pe hisitolia 'i hotau tala pea 'oku malava ke kumi ki he kolomosomu Y kapau ko e tangata pe ko e kolomosomu X pe maitokonitolia kapau ko e fefine. Pea 'e 'ikai ke lava ke 'alu he fefine ki he tangata pe tangata ki he fefine, ka ko e tangata, tangata 'o hokohoko tangata ai pe ki ono'aho, pe ko e 'alu fefine, fefine, fefine 'o hokohoko ai pe ki he kuohili.
'Oku talamai ai heni 'a e mahu'inga 'etau lea Tonga ko e, ''Oku hokohoko hingoa 'a tangata ka e hokohoko toto 'a fafine'. 'O malava ke 'uhinga ia he lau fakasaienisi senetiki, 'oku 'alu e kolomosomu Y he tangata ka e kolomosomu X he fafine, neongo ko e heliaki ki he hingoa 'a tangata ka e toto 'a Fafine. 'Oku pehe he tala 'o Tonga, ko e hingoa Tu'i, 'eiki, tauhi fonua pe matapule 'oku 'alu pe fakanofo ia he kakai tangata, pea ko e kakai fefine leva 'oku fakafou ai e ngaahi naunau fakapaiolosia, faka-DNA pe fakatoto 'o ha hohoko. 'Oku 'ikai ke pehe kuo 'ikai ke mahu'inga ka hokohoko tangata ki he fefine pe fefine ki he tangata. Kei mahu'inga pe ia, ka 'oku 'uhinga pe 'eni ia ki he 'alu e hingoa fakanofo he kakai tangata, pea toto pe ta'ata'a 'a fafine he ko kinautolu 'oku fai ai e fakatupu e pepe he manava pe fonua 'o e fa'e. Ko e anga 'ena ia e tala 'o Tonga, ka 'oku kainga 'aupito ia mo e lau 'a e saienisi senetiki pe DNA.
The discussion of cognition (rational and free thinking), conation (striving for) and affection (feeling) has been an old issue in philosophy, and later on in psychology as well. Their common view has claimed that the three notions in human mind can't occur in isolation from one another. David Hume was one of the first philosophers to come up with the outlook that cognition can occur without the involvement of conation and affection in any intellectual process.
Lo'au University in its Seminar and Socratic Talanoa Series has attempted to unveil this philosophical and psychological puzzle by addressing and discussing how one can occur without the involvement of the other two to some extent. What we have experienced in this Series that in human mind none of them can independently happen without the engagement of the others to some extent. This is proven right when we observe and discuss any scientific, philosophical and logical theory. What is very obvious is that there are normally tendencies of conation and affection in them, and this is why such theories in the normal scheme of things can be later on denied by others.
For Lo'au University, the aim of education is and should always be the promotion of the 'Spirit of Inquiry', with its focus in finding out the objective behaviours of any particular given situation, be it social or non-social, without imposing human subjective likeness. However, the main problem of education in Moana and worldwide is in many-fold, but Lo'au University in its seminar and Socratic Talanoa Series since May this year has been trying to unfold and discuss seriously some of them. Narrowly, there are three main problems that apparently stand out over centuries, and have been brought into the Lo'auan consideration. They are 'emotions', 'personal likeness' and 'public interests'. In a broad sense, the domination of capitalism in the languages of democracy and human rights is the uttermost problem, which is further reflected and perpetuated within the related doctrines of utilitarianism, commercialism, consumerism, industrialization and the like.
In simple terms, it means that everything is being measured and determined by capital/money, and in Marx's words in the nineteenth century, human minds and relationships are totally monopolized and controlled by the capital or the dominant ideologies of the capitalists. This is still the case nowadays. Overall, all of the above is about the postulation and elevation of human tastes and illusions over matters of fact i.e. reality - the main downfall of human civilization throughout history.